Jurnal penelitian

Rahmini, Shabariah (2021) Jurnal penelitian. Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Mycobacterium Diseases, 25 (100272).

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The formation of a scar after Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination influences the effectiveness of protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection. The innate immunity plays a critical role both in the pathophysiology of tuberculosis (TB) and BCG vaccination protection mechanism. Parts of innate immunity: macrophages, dendritic cells, and neutrophils, have microbial recognition surface receptors called Toll-like receptors (TLR) 2 and 4. The objective of this study is to compare the serum levels of TLR2 and TLR4 in BCG-vaccinated pediatric patients with pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB. This cross-sectional study included children aged less than 18 years old with contracted TB disease and had received BCG vaccination. The subjects were recruited by convenience sampling from both outpatient and inpatient care at Bhakti Medicare and Jakarta Islamic Hospital, from November 2018 to December 2019. Serum TLR2 and TLR4 levels measured using ELISA of the two groups of subjects: children with pulmonary TB (PTB) and extrapulmonary TB (EPTB), were then compared. The presence of BCG scars was included in the analysis. Independent T-test, ANOVA test, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality tests on the SPSS program were used to statistically analyze the results. Serum TLR2 and TLR4 levels were higher in EPTB group, but the difference was not significant (TLR2 p = 0.758 and TLR4 p = 0.646, respectively). Subjects with BCG scars in both groups have significantly higher serum TLR2 and TLR4 levels than those without BCG scars in the EPTB group (EPTB p = 0.001 and p = 0.004, respectively); (PTB p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). BCG vaccination and MTB infection stimulate better innate immune response in EPTB than in PTB and serum TLR2 and TLR4 levels in those with BCG scars were higher when compared to those without BCG scars.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > ZA Information resources > ZA4450 Databases
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine and Health > S1 Medical / Kedokteran
Depositing User: dr. Sp.A Rahmini Shabariah Hanafiah
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2021 08:00
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2021 08:00
URI: http://repository.umj.ac.id/id/eprint/6611

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